Types of circuit breakers and how they work
PHILADELPHIA, PA, March 13, 2021 /Neptune100/ — Home electrical fires account for about 51,000 fires each year and $1.3 billion in property damage. However, there are steps that a homeowner can take to prevent these fires. One of those steps s installing a circuit breaker.
Circuit breakers are devices that most newer homes have, but older homes may not have. These devices protect the home electrical hazards and prevent electrical fires. Homeowners should be aware that there ae several different kinds of circuit breakers.
Arc Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCIs)
AFCIs protect against arc faults, a electrical problem caused by damaged, overheated, or stressed electrical wiring, which can be caused by a nail or screw hitting a wire or when outlets become overburdened. AFCIs monitor the circuit and stop the flow of electricity when the dangerous condition is detected.
Code requires that ACFIs be installed in all areas of new homes except the garage, bathrooms, and outside areas. These circuit interrupters can be installed as a circuit breaker in a circuit breaker panel or as a wall outlet.
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs0
GFCIs protect people from electrical shock caused by ground faults, which is an electrical path between an electrical source and a grounded surface. These circuit breakers sense grounded faults and shut off the circuit a person comes into contact with a faulty appliance and grounded surface.
GFCIs are important in areas where water may be present like bathrooms, garages, and spas. GFCIs can be installed like AFCIs, on a circuit breaker panel or as an outlet.
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